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ulogd_PGSQL.c

/* ulogd_PGSQL.c, Version $Revision: 1.7 $
 *
 * ulogd output plugin for logging to a PGSQL database
 *
 * (C) 2000 by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org> 
 * This software is distributed under the terms of GNU GPL 
 * 
 * This plugin is based on the MySQL plugin made by Harald Welte.
 * The support PostgreSQL were made by Jakab Laszlo.
 *
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ulogd/ulogd.h>
#include <ulogd/conffile.h>
#include <libpq-fe.h>


#ifdef DEBUG_PGSQL
#define DEBUGP(x, args...)    fprintf(stderr, x, ## args)
#else
#define DEBUGP(x, args...)
#endif

struct _field {
      char name[ULOGD_MAX_KEYLEN];
      unsigned int id;
      struct _field *next;
};

/* the database handle we are using */
static PGconn *dbh;

/* a linked list of the fields the table has */
static struct _field *fields;

/* buffer for our insert statement */
static char *stmt;

/* pointer to the beginning of the "VALUES" part */
static char *stmt_val;

/* pointer to current inser position in statement */
static char *stmt_ins;

/* our configuration directives */
static config_entry_t db_ce = { NULL, "pgsqldb", CONFIG_TYPE_STRING,
                        CONFIG_OPT_MANDATORY, 0,
                        { } };

static config_entry_t host_ce = { &db_ce, "pgsqlhost", CONFIG_TYPE_STRING,
                        CONFIG_OPT_MANDATORY, 0,
                        { } };

static config_entry_t user_ce = { &host_ce, "pgsqluser", CONFIG_TYPE_STRING,
                        CONFIG_OPT_MANDATORY, 0,
                        { } };

static config_entry_t pass_ce = { &user_ce, "pgsqlpass", CONFIG_TYPE_STRING,
                        CONFIG_OPT_MANDATORY, 0,
                        { } };

static config_entry_t table_ce = { &pass_ce, "pgsqltable", CONFIG_TYPE_STRING,
                        CONFIG_OPT_MANDATORY, 0,
                        { } };

/* our main output function, called by ulogd */
static int _pgsql_output(ulog_iret_t *result)
{
      struct _field *f;
      ulog_iret_t *res;
                PGresult   *pgres;

      stmt_ins = stmt_val;

      for (f = fields; f; f = f->next) {
            res = keyh_getres(f->id);

            if (!res) {
                  ulogd_log(ULOGD_NOTICE,
                        "no result for %s ?!?\n", f->name);
            }

            if (!res || !IS_VALID((*res))) {
                  /* no result, we have to fake something */
                  sprintf(stmt_ins, "NULL,");
                  stmt_ins = stmt + strlen(stmt);
                  continue;
            }

            switch (res->type) {
                  case ULOGD_RET_INT8:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%d,", res->value.i8);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_INT16:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%d,", res->value.i16);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_INT32:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%d,", res->value.i32);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_INT64:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%lld,", res->value.i64);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_UINT8:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%u,", res->value.ui8);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_UINT16:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%u,", res->value.ui16);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_IPADDR:
#ifdef IP_AS_STRING
                        *stmt_ins++ = '\'';
                        tmpstr = (char *)inet_ntoa(ntohl(res->value.ui32));
                        PQescapeString(stmt_ins,tmpstr,strlen(tmpstr)); 
                        stmt_ins = stmt + strlen(stmt);
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "',");
                        break;
#endif /* IP_AS_STRING */
                        /* EVIL: fallthrough when logging IP as
                         * u_int32_t */

                  case ULOGD_RET_UINT32:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%u,", res->value.ui32);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_UINT64:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "%llu,", res->value.ui64);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_BOOL:
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "'%d',", res->value.b);
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_STRING:
                        *stmt_ins++ = '\'';
                        PQescapeString(stmt_ins,res->value.ptr,strlen(res->value.ptr)); 
                        stmt_ins = stmt + strlen(stmt);
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "',");
                        break;
                  case ULOGD_RET_RAW:
                        ulogd_log(ULOGD_NOTICE,"%s: pgsql doesn't support type RAW\n",res->key);
                        sprintf(stmt_ins, "NULL,");
                        break;
                  default:
                        ulogd_log(ULOGD_NOTICE,
                              "unknown type %d for %s\n",
                              res->type, res->key);
                        break;
            }
            stmt_ins = stmt + strlen(stmt);
      }
      *(stmt_ins - 1) = ')';
      DEBUGP("stmt=#%s#\n", stmt);

      /* now we have created our statement, insert it */
      /* Added code by Jaki */
      pgres = PQexec(dbh, stmt);
      if(!pgres || PQresultStatus(pgres) != PGRES_COMMAND_OK) {
            ulogd_log(ULOGD_ERROR, "sql error during insert: %s\n",
                        PQresultErrorMessage(pgres));
            return 1;
      }

      return 0;
}

#define PGSQL_INSERTTEMPL   "insert into X (Y) values (Z)"
#define PGSQL_VALSIZE   100

/* create the static part of our insert statement */
static int _pgsql_createstmt(void)
{
      struct _field *f;
      unsigned int size;
      char buf[ULOGD_MAX_KEYLEN];
      char *underscore;

      if (stmt) {
            ulogd_log(ULOGD_NOTICE, "createstmt called, but stmt"
                  " already existing\n");
            return 1;
      }

      /* caclulate the size for the insert statement */
      size = strlen(PGSQL_INSERTTEMPL) + strlen(table_ce.u.string);

      for (f = fields; f; f = f->next) {
            /* we need space for the key and a comma, as well as
             * enough space for the values */
            size += strlen(f->name) + 1 + PGSQL_VALSIZE;
      }

      ulogd_log(ULOGD_DEBUG, "allocating %u bytes for statement\n", size);

      stmt = (char *) malloc(size);

      if (!stmt) {
            ulogd_log(ULOGD_ERROR, "OOM!\n");
            return 1;
      }

      sprintf(stmt, "insert into %s (", table_ce.u.string);
      stmt_val = stmt + strlen(stmt);

      for (f = fields; f; f = f->next) {
            strncpy(buf, f->name, ULOGD_MAX_KEYLEN);
            while ((underscore = strchr(buf, '.')))
                  *underscore = '_';
            sprintf(stmt_val, "%s,", buf);
            stmt_val = stmt + strlen(stmt);
      }
      *(stmt_val - 1) = ')';

      sprintf(stmt_val, " values (");
      stmt_val = stmt + strlen(stmt);

      ulogd_log(ULOGD_DEBUG, "stmt='%s'\n", stmt);

      return 0;
}

/* find out which columns the table has */
static int _pgsql_get_columns(const char *table)
{
      PGresult *result;
      char buf[ULOGD_MAX_KEYLEN];
                char pgbuf[256];
      char *underscore;
      struct _field *f;
      int id;
                int intaux;
                char *sql;

      if (!dbh)
            return 1;

                strcpy(pgbuf,  "SELECT  a.attname FROM pg_class c, pg_attribute a WHERE c.relname ='");
                strncat(pgbuf, table, strlen(table));
                strcat(pgbuf, "' AND a.attnum>0 AND a.attrelid=c.oid ORDER BY a.attnum");
                sql = (char *) malloc(strlen(pgbuf));
                sql = pgbuf;
                ulogd_log(ULOGD_DEBUG, sql);
      result = PQexec(dbh,  sql);
      if(!result) {
                                ulogd_log(ULOGD_DEBUG, "\n result false");
            return 1;
                }
                if (PQresultStatus(result) != PGRES_TUPLES_OK) {
                                ulogd_log(ULOGD_DEBUG, "\n pres_command_not_ok");
                                return 1;
                }
                for (intaux=0; intaux<PQntuples(result); intaux++) {

            /* replace all underscores with dots */
            strncpy(buf, PQgetvalue(result, intaux, 0), ULOGD_MAX_KEYLEN);
            while ((underscore = strchr(buf, '_')))
                  *underscore = '.';

            DEBUGP("field '%s' found: ", buf);

            if (!(id = keyh_getid(buf))) {
                  DEBUGP(" no keyid!\n");
                  continue;
            }

            DEBUGP("keyid %u\n", id);

            /* prepend it to the linked list */
            f = (struct _field *) malloc(sizeof *f);
            if (!f) {
                  ulogd_log(ULOGD_ERROR, "OOM!\n");
                  return 1;
            }
            strncpy(f->name, buf, ULOGD_MAX_KEYLEN);
            f->id = id;
            f->next = fields;
            fields = f;
      }

                PQclear(result);
      return 0;
}

int exit_nicely(PGconn *conn)
{
    PQfinish(conn);
    return 0;;
}

/* make connection and select database */
static int _pgsql_open_db(char *server, char *user, char *pass, char *db)
{
               char connstr[80];
               char * sql;

                strcpy(connstr, " host=");
                strcat(connstr, server);
                strcat(connstr, " dbname=");
                strcat(connstr, db);
                strcat(connstr, " user=");
                strcat(connstr, user);
            strcat(connstr, " password=");
            strcat(connstr, pass);
                sql = (char *) malloc(strlen(connstr));

                sql = connstr;
                dbh = PQconnectdb(sql);
                if (PQstatus(dbh)!=CONNECTION_OK) {
                                exit_nicely(dbh);
                                return 1;
                }


        return 0;
}


static ulog_output_t _pgsql_plugin = { NULL, "pgsql", &_pgsql_output, NULL };

void _init(void)
{
      /* register our configfile options here */
      config_register_key(&table_ce);

      /* have the opts parsed */
      config_parse_file(0);

      if (_pgsql_open_db(host_ce.u.string, user_ce.u.string,
                     pass_ce.u.string, db_ce.u.string)) {
            ulogd_log(ULOGD_ERROR, "can't establish database connection\n");
            return;
      }

      /* read the fieldnames to know which values to insert */
      if (_pgsql_get_columns(table_ce.u.string)) {
            ulogd_log(ULOGD_ERROR, "unable to get pgsql columns\n");
            return;
      }
      _pgsql_createstmt();
      register_output(&_pgsql_plugin);

}

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